Jessica Brown's Anti-Individualism and Knowledge (Contemporary Philosophical PDF

By Jessica Brown

ISBN-10: 0262025582

ISBN-13: 9780262025584

ISBN-10: 026252421X

ISBN-13: 9780262524216

ISBN-10: 1417560312

ISBN-13: 9781417560318

Modern philosophy of brain is ruled by means of anti- individualism, which holds subject's strategies are made up our minds not just through what's within her head but in addition through points of her atmosphere. regardless of its dominance, anti-individualism is topic to a frightening array of epistemological objections: that it really is incompatible with the privileged entry every one topic has to her strategies, that it undermines rationality, and, absurdly, that it presents a brand new path to a priori wisdom of the realm. during this rigorous and persuasive research, Jessica Brown defends anti- individualism from those epistemological objections. The dialogue has vital effects for key epistemological matters resembling skepticism, closure, transmission, and the character of information and warrant.According to Brown's research, one major reason behind pondering that anti-individualism is incompatible with privileged entry is that it undermines a subject's introspective skill to distinguish kinds of techniques. So clinically determined, the traditional specialize in a subject's reliability approximately her options offers no enough answer. Brown defuses the objection by means of attract the epistemological idea of a proper substitute. additional, she argues that, given a formal knowing of rationality, anti- individualism is suitable with the thought that we're rational topics. in spite of the fact that, the dialogue of rationality offers a brand new argument that anti-individualism is in stress with Fregean experience. ultimately, Brown indicates that anti-individualism doesn't create a brand new path to a priori wisdom of the realm. whereas rejecting recommendations that limit the transmission of warrant, she argues that anti-individualists should still deny that we've got the kind of wisdom that might be required to exploit a priori wisdom of concept content material to realize a priori wisdom of the international.

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653. For similar comments see Burge 1996, p. 95; Boghossian 1989, p. 160; Falvey and Owens 1994, p. 111). However, we have already seen that the subject’s cogito thoughts cannot be mistaken, even after the switch. Thus, it seems that the Knowledge and Discrimination 49 slow switch example shows us that a reliable ability to form true beliefs is not sufficient for a discriminative ability. We may fill out the intuition that the slow switch subject lacks the ability to distinguish a priori the actual from the twin situation by noting the connection between discriminative abilities and several other abilities—the abilities to notice change, to make reliable judgments of sameness and difference, and to act differentially.

Alternatively, the anti-individualist could argue that when there is no suitable object or kind to refer to, the subject fails to think any determinate thought (see Evans 1982; McDowell 1986; Boghossian 1997). For instance, although it may seem to her just as if she is seeing an apple and thinking about it, in fact she is not. Instead, she suffers an illusion of thought. On this view, successful thought sometimes requires there to be a suitable object or kind in the environment so that, when there is no such object or kind, the subject fails to think a thought of the relevant kind at all.

Thus, anti-individualism undermines the concept of a rational agent as one who, at least in simple cases, would not have contradictory beliefs or make invalid inferences or fail to make simple valid inferences. I extend the established literature on this topic by discussing not only non-Fregean anti-individualism but also Fregean anti-individualism. I argue that only non-Fregean anti-individualism is incompatible with transparency of sameness, although both Fregean and non-Fregean varieties of anti-individualism are incompatible with transparency of difference.

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Anti-Individualism and Knowledge (Contemporary Philosophical Monographs) by Jessica Brown

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