Animal Bodies, Human Minds: Ape, Dolphin, and Parrot by William A. Hillix PDF
By William A. Hillix
Several books chronicle makes an attempt, so much of them over the past forty years, to educate animals to speak with humans in a human-designed language. those books have in general taken care of just one or species, or perhaps one or a couple of examine tasks. we have now supplied a extra encompassing view of this box. We additionally are looking to toughen what different authors, for instance Jane Goodall, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, Penny Patterson, Birute Galdikas, and Roger and Deborah Fouts, so passionately express approximately our accountability for our closest animal family.
This e-book surveys what was once recognized, or believed approximately animal language all through historical past and prehistory, and summarizes present wisdom and the talk round it. The authors determine and try and settle many of the difficulties in studying the animal behaviours which were saw in experiences of animal language skill.
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Additional info for Animal Bodies, Human Minds: Ape, Dolphin, and Parrot Language Skills
Computers, by virtue of their different grounding, understand only the syntactic relationships between symbols. And the symbols are not symbolic of anything outside the set of symbols for computers, so the symbols are not symbols if they do not refer to anything outside the symbol set. CHANGING PERSPECTIVES ON ANIMALS Language experiments with nonhuman animals have contributed to a radically different perspective on our human relationship to, and responsibility for, animals.
Does that mean that, no matter what an animal or computer does, we cannot assume that it understands language? I do not think so. If a computer, a person inside a Chinese room, or an animal were not guided by some system analogous to language, it would be unable to fake the responses. The system in which the entity worked would have to be as complex, and in some sense as linguistic, as the system in which 40 Language Research with Nonhuman Animals: Methods and Problems it appeared, from the outside, to work.
IS Sue had vehemently explained to Kanzi that electrical outlets were dangerous, but that only piqued his curiosity. Like any self-respecting primate male, he took it as a challenge. When Sue was occupied elsewhere, Kanzi stole a screwdriver and stuck it into the outlet, with the expected result. "He stood ramrod straight, and his hair rose two inches. He yanked the screwdriver out of the socket and immediately burst into a series of emphatic 'Waa' sounds" (p. 8). Kanzi then picked up anything he could get his hands on-balls, blankets, and toys among them-and threw them at the outlet.
Animal Bodies, Human Minds: Ape, Dolphin, and Parrot Language Skills by William A. Hillix