Download e-book for kindle: A Theory of Human Need by Len Doyal
By Len Doyal
Rejecting trendy subjectivist and cultural relativist ways, this crucial publication argues that humans have common and aim wishes for well-being and autonomy and a correct to their optimum pride. The authors enhance a approach of social signs to teach what such optimization might suggest in perform and check the files of a variety of built and underdeveloped economies in assembly their electorate' wishes
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Additional info for A Theory of Human Need
Only when looked at from the point of view of some other tradition. 'Objectively' there is not much to choose between anti-semitism and humanitarianism. Racism will appear vicious to a humanitarian while humanitarianism will appear vapid to a racist. Relatirism ... gives an adequate account of the situation that emerges. 2 34 Relativism and the Problem of Human Need Whether or not it is possible to break out of the conceptual and moral walls within which, according to such a theory, our culture encloses us.
Thus there is agreement with Marx, along with much of contemporary philosophy and psychology, that individual identity - including the boundaries of individual choice - must be understood as arising from the social environment. Members of collectives should have the right to pursue their interests through the creative exploration of the language and rules which bind them together as members. It is only in this way that they will extend the boundaries of their own individual identities and in consequence expand the normative richness of the collective itself.
They reject the idea that this justifies belief in the existence of standards of evaluation which are common to all forms of life. Provided that some ideals are embraced and differentiated from wants then rational actions can still be differentiated from irrational mistakes. The difficulty with this argument is that it is unable to account for why some mistakes can be seen to have the same objective 26 Relatirism and the Problem of Human Need consequences irrespective of the culture and value system in which they are made.
A Theory of Human Need by Len Doyal