New PDF release: A Theory of Epistemic Justification

By Dr. Jarrett Leplin (auth.)

ISBN-10: 140209566X

ISBN-13: 9781402095665

ISBN-10: 1402095678

ISBN-13: 9781402095672

This e-book proposes an unique thought of epistemic justification that gives a brand new technique to relate justification to the epistemic aim of truth-conducive trust. the idea relies on a unique research of trustworthy belief-formation that solutions vintage objections to reliability theories in epistemology. The research generates a manner of distinguishing justified trust from believing justifiedly, such that inerrant belief-formation don't need to be justificatory while systemic deception can be. It thereby respects the instinct that criteria for justification has to be available to the believer, whereas retaining the fundamental connection of justification to truth.

The research indicates how justification pertains to, yet is detailed from, facts, rationality, and likelihood. It offers a unifying remedy of matters primary to present debate in epistemology, together with epistemic paradoxes, epistemic closure, skepticism, contextualism, advantage theories, the impression of success on wisdom and justification, the translation of subjunctive stipulations for justification, the clash among internalism and externalism, and metaphilosophical evaluate of epistemological theories. There are extra functions to metaphysics, the philosophy of language, the philosophy of technological know-how, and ethics.

The e-book will interact philosophers operating in epistemology or similar fields, and their graduate students.

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Extra info for A Theory of Epistemic Justification

Example text

I assume that the concept of epistemic justification applies to science. It cannot incorporate truth, because science at its best can be wrong. Your agenda might be different. What you might want from justification is a property that turns belief into knowledge, whereas what I want has nothing directly to do with knowledge. I am after a property that beliefs have in virtue of advancing the epistemic goal. As I understand this goal, it does not require knowing. , Conee, 1992) could start with knowledge as the epistemic goal rather than truth, perhaps because being right by luck should not count as epistemic success.

This result violates a condition of adequacy adopted in Chapter 1. Accordingly, high probability is not justificatory on the theory of justification I will propose. At most, high probability justifies believing that a proposition is highly probable, which must be distinguished from belief simplicitor (from believing that the proposition is true). As another example, consider Tarski’s truth condition for sentences S: “S” is true if and only if S. This is sentence schema, not a sentence. As it does not make sense to speak of believing a schema, I do not have to disbelieve it, or take issue with it as an explication of truth.

Gwendolen blames herself for her husband’s death, because she blames herself for having wished him dead. At the same time, she believes this selfcondemnation to be excessively harsh. 26 2 Truth-Conduciveness holds that one may justifiedly misjudge one’s justificatory status; justification has not been internalized. For even if one must be able to do whatever is one’s duty, even if one cannot have duties that one is unable to perform, it does not follow that one must be able to determine whether one’s duty has been done nor what one’s duty is.

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A Theory of Epistemic Justification by Dr. Jarrett Leplin (auth.)


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