Download PDF by J. R. Partington: A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder

By J. R. Partington

ISBN-10: 0801859549

ISBN-13: 9780801859540

For almost six hundred years, from the battles of the early fourteenth century to the shedding of the atomic bomb at Hiroshima, firearms derived from gunpowder and different chemical substances outlined the frightful volume of struggle. The gear and fabrics utilized in international conflict i might were primary to our distant ancestors. during this vintage paintings, first released in 1960, James Riddick Partington presents a global survey of the evolution of incendiary units, Greek fireplace, and gunpowder.Greek fireplace, a composition Partington believes used to be made up of a distilled petroleum fraction and different parts (but no longer saltpetre), was once so much famously utilized in the sieges of Constantinople and the Crusades. Partington strikes from its antecedents—other incendiaries utilized in old warfare—to ecu gunpowder recipe books ( The Latin publication of fireside, Bellifortis, and Feuerwerkbuch) and the historical past of infernal machines, mines, canon, small palms, and artillery. His e-book contains chapters on gunpowder and guns in Muslim lands, India, and China—including hearth books, using gunpowder as a propellant, the artillery of the Mughal Emperors, and using saltpetre in explosives. He strains the improvement of gunpowder to eleventh-century China and cites the 1st identified point out and imagine of a firearm in 1326. "The historical past of gunpowder and firearms has attracted many authors with various pursuits. the overall historian needs to take account of significant innovations effecting revolutions within the lifetime of international locations. The historian of technological know-how is anxious in general with the discovery of gunpowder. The historian of know-how examines the advance within the manufacture of explosives and guns, and how during which gunpowder has came upon purposes within the peaceable arts. the army historian offers almost always with using gunpowder as an explosive and a propellant... and the improvement of firearms and their use in struggle. No contemporary e-book in English (or for that topic in any language) has tried a concise survey of the subject."—from the Preface

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J. Marquardt and T. Mommsen, Leipzig, 1887. Hist. J. Peiping Nat. Acad. Historical Journal of the Peiping National Academy. Ind. Eng. Chem. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Easton, Pa. Isidore of Seville, Orig. Isidore of Seville (c. D. 560-636), Etymologiarum sive Originum Libri XX (q. , Oxford, 1911). J. J. J. J. J. J. J. Asiat. Journal Asiatique, Paris. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Chem. Educ. Journal of Chemical Education, Easton, Pa. Chem. Soc. Journal of the Chemical Society, London.

Byzant. Gorpus Scriptorum Historiee Byzantinse, ed. Niebuhr, Bonn. Grell's Annalen. Ghemische Annalen, ed. L. F. F. , numbered I and II, annually from 1784 to 1803). B. Dictionary of National Biography. Diet. Dictionary. Dioskourides. Mat. Med. Dioskourides (Dioscorides), De Materia Medica (quoted in book and chapter from the edition of J . A. Saracenus, 4°, Frankfurt, 1598). Doukas. Hist. Byzant. Doukas (Ducas), Historia Byzantina. * Some academies and publications have changed their names. in use at the times for which they are quoted.

The arquebus is intelligible only in terms of the new powder, which made it possible to generate supersonic missile velocities in small caliber weapons. On the other hand, large artillery was slower to benefit from corning. The new gunpowder posed a challenge to existing guns, which were too weak to contain its higher pressures safely. Exploding guns were a constant threat and corned powder made the danger even greater. Adapting to the new situation meant redesigning artillery along lines never before seen.

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A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder by J. R. Partington

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