A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in by William Lockley Miller PDF
By William Lockley Miller
Established upon surveys and interviews with executive officers and voters, this publication makes a speciality of matters comparable to bribery, corruption, inefficiency and freedom of knowledge in Ukraine, Bulgaria, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The authors transcend an research of public perceptions and behavior and examine public attitudes in the direction of proposals for reform. They exhibit how the matter of voters' interactions with officers varies in type in addition to in measure around the international locations of primary and jap Europe.
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Additional info for A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in Post-Communist Europe
Computer readable vernacular and English-language transcripts were made from these tapes. In addition, simultaneous translation was provided by Marichka Padalko in Ukraine,Mitra Myanova in Bulgaria, Zuzana Vrastiakovain Slovakia, and 16 FGs marked with an asterisk, which were all K i m FlemrovA in the Czech Republic during the attended in personby the authors. Koshechkina also attended the Kyiv FGs without the need for translation facilities. 4 FGs in eastern Ukraiie were located in the Donetsk region, those in western Ukraiie in the Lviv region,allchairedbyAlexanderFedorishinusingthelanguagechosenbytheparticipRussian in Kyiv, Sevastopoland eastern Ukraine, Ukrainian in western Ukraine.
Biasis therefore built in to studies basedon these types of data. There are also particular problems when country-level data is used in a cross-national statistical analysis. 89 Briefly stated, the ‘ecological fallacy theorem’ provesthat a correlation between two variables at one level need not exist at another level, or may even have a different sign at another level. Thus, for example, a cross-national correlation between (country-level indices 00 low-paid officials and corruption does not prove that, within countries, low pay Coping wiih Governmeni 25 encourages officialsto take bribes.
32 A Culture of Corruption? Our own analytic findings highlightthe corruptibility of both citizens and street-level officials in the face of extortion or temptation. That leads us to put more weight than doeither the public or officials themselves on opening up the interactions between officials and their clients. Rather than prioritising stricter controls and penalties(asdo the public) or higher salaries (as do officials), our analytic findings pointto the importance of providing clients with alternative access points, to better appeal procedures, to a more public setting for client-ffkial interactions, to more clearly and publicly set-out rights for clients on the one hand,and to moreclearlyandpubliclyset-outuser-charges on the other-all designed to stiffen clients’ resistance to extortion and to reduce their incentive to offer gifts.
A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in Post-Communist Europe by William Lockley Miller